Azure DevOps CICD with Azure Kubernetes Service

Azure Container Service

Posted By : Subramani Sundaram

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In this blog, you will learn how to configure Azure DevOps CICD with Azure Kubernetes Service. Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) manages your hosted Kubernetes environment, making it quick and easy to deploy and manage containerized applications without container orchestration expertise.


It also eliminates the burden of ongoing operations and maintenance by provisioning, upgrading, and scaling resources on-demand, without taking your applications offline. Azure DevOps helps in creating Docker images for faster deployments and reliability using the continuous build option.

Azure DevOps

One of the biggest advantages to use AKS is that instead of creating resources in the cloud you can create resources and infrastructure inside Azure Kubernetes Cluster through Deployments and Services manifest files.

AKS with Full CICD Workflow

Things we are going to achieve in this lab scenarios are given below :

  1. Create an Azure Container Registry (ACR), AKS, and Azure SQL server
  2. Provision the Azure DevOps AKS Team Project with the Azure DevOps Demo Generator tool.
  3. Configure application and database deployment, using Continuous Deployment (CD) in the Azure DevOps
  4. Initiate the complete CICD process.

Steps to Implement the CI CD process for AKS

  1. Login to Azure DevOps Demo Generator using
  2. From the choose template option, we need to clone the Azure Kubernetes Service and then click on Import.

3. Once after the project is imported we can see the below in our Azure DevOps work space.


This will be the code and the basic ASP dot net applications along with the SQL Server details. Now before we star the CICD process, we need to make the Azure environment ready for us.

Steps to make the Azure Environment ready

  1. Login to the Azure portal and open the cloud shell to run the commands to create the resources.
  2. We are going to deploy the AKS cluster from the command line now:
version=$(az aks get-versions -l <region> --query 'orchestrators[-1].orchestratorVersion' -o tsv)

az group create --name akshandsonlab --location eastus

az aks create --resource-group akshandsonlab --name akshandsonlab --enable-addons monitoring --kubernetes-version $version --generate-ssh-keys --location eastus

3. Next , we are going to create the Azure Container Registry from the cloud shell.

az acr create --resource-group akshandsonlab --name akshandsonlab --sku Standard --location eastus

4. Authorize the AKS cluster to connect to the Azure Container Registry using the AKS generated Service Principal.

# Get the id of the service principal configured for AKS
CLIENT_ID=$(az aks show --resource-group $AKS_RESOURCE_GROUP --name $AKS_CLUSTER_NAME --query "servicePrincipalProfile.clientId" --output tsv)

# Get the ACR registry resource id
ACR_ID=$(az acr show --name $ACR_NAME --resource-group $ACR_RESOURCE_GROUP --query "id" --output tsv)

# Create role assignment
az role assignment create --assignee $CLIENT_ID --role acrpull --scope $ACR_ID

5. Create an Azure SQL Server and SQL Database.

az sql server create -l <region> -g akshandsonlab -n <unique-sqlserver-name> -u sqladmin -p P2ssw0rd1234az sql db create -g akshandsonlab -s <unique-sqlserver-name> -n mhcdb --service-objective S0

6. Once after we create the resources fully , we will be able to this below on the Azure portal in RG.


Create a CICD Pipeline from Azure Devops :

  1. Navigate to Pipelines –> Pipelines.

2. Select MyHealth.AKS.Build pipeline and click Edit.

3. In Run services task, select your Azure subscription from Azure subscription dropdown. Click Authorize.

This creates an Azure Resource Manager Service Endpoint, which defines and secures a connection to a Microsoft Azure subscription, using Service Principal Authentication (SPA). This endpoint will be used to connect Azure DevOps and Azure.

4.we need to follow the same for all the below steps and then we can make the pipeline running.


We have 2 important files that we need to edit depending upon the resources that we have created on Azure using the CLI.

applicationsettings.json file contains details of the database connection string used to connect to Azure database which was created in the beginning of this lab.

mhc-aks.yaml manifest file contains configuration details of deploymentsservices, and pods which will be deployed in Azure Kubernetes Service. The manifest file will look like as below

Image for post

5. From the variables side we need to give the SQL server and other details for the CI build to take the new changes.


Now , we can save and run this pipeline and once after completed we will be able to see the output.


6. Next, Navigate to Pipelines | Releases. Select MyHealth.AKS.Release pipeline and click Edit.


7. In the Dev environment, under the DB deployment phase, select Azure Resource Manager from the drop-down for Azure Service Connection Type, update the Azure Subscription value from the dropdown for Execute Azure SQL: DacpacTask task.


8. In the AKS deployment phase, select Create Deployments & Services in AKS task.


9. Select the Variables section under the release definition, update ACR and SQLserver values for Pipeline Variables with the details noted earlier while configuring the environment. Select the Save button.


10. Finally we can run it to check the output as given below.

Image for post

Now we can check the output that we have done with our CICD into the AKS cluster.

Type az aks get-credentials --resource-group yourResourceGroup --name yourAKSname in the command prompt to get the access credentials for the Kubernetes cluster
kubectl get pods

To access the application, run the below command. If you see that External-IP is pending, wait for sometime until an IP is assigned.

kubectl get service mhc-front –watch

Copy the External-IP and paste it in the browser and press the Enter button to launch the application.


Feel free to contact us for any query on Azure DevOps.

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